New York City – — The Rev. Daniel Berrigan, a Roman Catholic clergyman and also peace activist that was locked up for melting draft documents in a demonstration against the Vietnam Battle, passed away Saturday. He was 94.
Berrigan passed away at Murray-Weigel Hall, a Jesuit health care community in New York City after a “long disease,” according to Michael Benigno, a spokesperson for the Jesuits USA Northeast Province.
“He died in harmony,” Benigno said.
Berrigan and his more youthful bro, the Rev. Philip Berrigan, became leaders of the radical anti-war motion in the 1960s.
The Berrigan siblings got in a draft board in Catonsville, Maryland, on May 17, 1968, with eight various other protestors and also removed documents of young men about to be shipped off to Vietnam. The group took the files outside as well as melted them in garbage cans.
The Catonsville 9, as they became understood, were convicted on government costs accusing them of ruining UNITED STATE property as well as hindering the Discerning Solution Act of 1967. All were sentenced on Nov. 9, 1968 to prison terms varying from two to 3 & frac12; years.
When asked in 2009 by “The U.S.A.,” a national Catholic magazine, whether he had any regrets, Berriganreplied: “I could possibly have done sooner the important things I did, like Catonsville.”
Berrigan, a writer and poet, covered the court room experience in 1970 in a one-act play, “The Test of the Catonsville 9,” which was later on made right into a motion picture.
Berrigan matured in Syracuse, New york city, with his parents as well as 5 bros. He joined the Jesuit order after senior high school as well as instructed preparatory institution in New Jacket before being commissioned a priest in 1952.
As a seminarian, Berrigan wrote verse. His job captured the interest of an editor at Macmillan who referred the material to poet Marianne Moore. Her endorsement brought about the publication of Berrigan’s first book of poetry, “Time Without Number,” which won the Lamont Verse Prize in 1957.
Berrigan attributed Dorothy Day, creator of The Catholic Worker newspaper, with introducing him to the pacifist activity as well as influencing his considering battle.
Much later, while going to Paris in 1963 on a training sabbatical from LeMoyne University, Berrigan satisfied French Jesuits that mentioned the dire scenario in Indochina. Right after that, he as well as his brother started the Catholic Peace Fellowship, which helped arrange demonstrations versus UNITED STATE participation in Vietnam.
Berrigan took a trip to North Vietnam in 1968 as well as returned with three American detainees of battle that were being launched as a goodwill gesture. He claimed that while there, he saw a few of the destruction as well as suffering brought on by the battle.
Berrigan was instructing at Cornell University when his sibling asked him to join a team of activists for the Catonsville demo. Philip Berrigan went to the time waiting for sentencing for a 1967 protest in Baltimore throughout which demonstrators put blood on draft documents.
“I was surprised by the courage as well as effrontery, really, of my sibling,” Berrigan recalled in a 2006 job interview on the Freedom Now radio program.
After the Catonsville instance had been unsuccessfully appealed, the Berrigan bros and three of their co-defendants went underground. Philip Berrigan turned himself into authorities in April 1969 at a Manhattan church. The FBI apprehended Daniel Berrigan 4 months later at the Rhode Island residence of theologian William Stringfellow.
Berrigan said in a meeting that he ended up being a fugitive to attract even more attention to the anti-war movement.
The Berrigan siblings were sent out to the government jail in Danbury, Connecticut. Daniel Berrigan was launched in 1972 after offering concerning two years. His brother offered regarding 2 & frac12; years.
The Berrigan brothers remained to be active in the peace activity long after Catonsville. With each other, they began the Plowshares Movement, an anti-nuclear tools campaign in 1980. Both were detained that year after going into a General Electric nuclear missile facility in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania, as well as destructive nuclear warhead nose cones.
Philip Berrigan passed away of cancer cells on Dec. 6, 2002 at the age of 79.
Daniel Berrigan moved into a Jesuit house in Manhattan in 1975.
In a job interview with The Country publication on the 40th wedding anniversary of the Catonsville demo, Berriganlamented that the activism of the 1960s and also early 1970s evaporated with the passage of time.
“The sensitivity of the American left is normal of the highs and lows of American psychological life,” he claimed. “It is extremely unusual to sustain a motion in identifiable form without a spiritual base.”
Berrigan’s writings consist of “Jail Poems,” released in 1973; “We Die Before We Live: Talking with the Quite Ill,” a 1980 publication based upon his experiences working in a cancer cells ward; and also his autobiography, “To Dwell in Peace,” released in 1987.