Two Scottish-born researchers have actually been granted the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discoveries about weird types of matter.
David Thouless and Michael Kosterlitz will share the 8m kronor (727,000) reward with their fellow researcher Duncan Haldane.
Their work might lead to better products for electronic devices and super-fast computing.
The 3 guys got the award at an event in Stockholm, Sweden.
Announcing the reward in October, the Nobel Committee stated the trio’s discoveries had “unlocked on an unidentified world“.
One half of the physics reward was granted to Thouless, with the other half collectively provided to Haldane and Kosterlitz for “theoretical discoveries of topological stage shifts and topological stages of matter”.
Although British-born, all 3 now work and live in the United States.
Thouless was born in 1934 in Bearsden and is an emeritus teacher at the University of Washington. Michael Kosterlitz was born in 1942 in Aberdeen and is presently associated to Brown University.
They and Haldane sign up with a distinguished list of 200 other Physics laureates acknowledged given that 1901.
All 3 scientists utilized mathematics to discuss unusual physical results in uncommon states of matter, such as superconductors, superfluids and thin magnetic movies.
Kosterlitz and Thouless concentrated on phenomena that develop in flat kinds of matter – on surface areas or inside very thin layers that can be thought about two-dimensional.
This contrasts with the 3 measurements of length, width and height which are typically utilized to explain truth.
Haldane likewise studied matter that forms threads so thin they can be thought about one-dimensional.
Much of the work includes a field of mathematics called geography, which explains residential or commercial properties of matter at little and big scales.